The customary law is among the most distinctive features of the tribes in India. India’s Constitution also provides protection of tribal indigenous communities and their customs through Articles 244, 244-A, 371-A, and the Fifth and Sixth
Schedules. The Fifth and Sixth Schedules provide for a system of “Scheduled Areas” or tribal regions, which are designed to protect the interests of listed indigenous communities or “Scheduled Tribes.”
Due to their unique socio-cultural mechanism and ordered behavior pattern for the maintenance of equilibrium, social order, tranquility and peace, it is very crucial that they have a right to seek justice within their own traditional or customary laws; and that they have a right to own and exploit the natural resources in their habitat. On the other hand, their mechanisms of taboos, social sanctions, ritualistic faiths, obeyance to super-natural powers, public opinion, good sense and ethics form the basics for the customary laws of the tribal society.